Sak Yant Bamboo Tattoo Ceremony

Thailand tattoos come to life during Wai Kru


What is the Wai Kru Festival at Wat Bang Phra?

The Wai Kru holiday carries a heartfelt purpose: to express gratitude to teachers and embrace the collective power of Sak Yant tattoos. Each year, a gathering of people assembles at Wat Bang Phra, a serene Buddhist temple conveniently located an hour’s drive from Bangkok. Within this tranquil setting, they seek to rejuvenate their spirits by reconnecting with the sacred significance of their beloved Sak Yant tattoos, immersing themselves in a realm of enchantment and renewal.

My Experience

The Wai Kru ceremony at Wat Bang Phra has got to be up there with one of the most intense ceremonies I’ve ever been part of. Imagine a temple’s grounds filled with over 15,000 people under the scorching sun, who have all come to observe or take part in an ancient practice where the result may include becoming possessed! With people acting out as Hanuman (the Hindu God of war), crocodiles, tigers, frogs and a handful of other spirits, it was one of the most animated scenes I’ve taken witness to. Many of them rise up and start running full-on through the crowd towards the front stage! Injuries are commonplace during Wai Kru, as the force compelling them towards the stage does not restrict itself to the small areas of free ground open between them and the front of the temple’s open space. I came out fairly unscathed with only a ripped pocket from someone crashing into some of the security near the front platform. He was kicking wildly as some of the security team tried to calm him and bring him out of his trance. Wat Bang Phra’s Wai Kru’s security is there mostly for the possessed’s safety, as well as for some of the media who for the most part gathers behind the front line. I saw many feet flying around where their owners head should have been as the possessed’s body hurdled at near-light speed velocity, sometimes uncontrollably toward the front stage.

Starting the evening before Wai Kru, with many tattoo masters present, up to 1000+ people come to get a new Thai bamboo tattoo. These sacred bamboo tattoos are locally known as a Sak Yant. This process goes on all through the night, until the festivities commence early the following morning. A stage is set up at the front of the crowd where Thai Buddhist monks will sit and perform their rituals. Most of the Thais (and a few of the foreigners) have come to have their Sak Yants “recharged” of their protective qualities. Various chants and Buddhist prayers are repeated by the monks and devotees alike. Throughout the morning, many of the audience members fall into what appears to be a state of trance.

Periodically, someone may start mildly convulsing, screaming or even rising from their seated position. They take on the forms of the Thai tattoos they possess. Some are quite harmless, such as the old man who just slowly meanders through the audience, and are allowed to pass the security line right to the stage where they fall out of their trance. Meanwhile, others like Hannuman are the ones whose body gets hurdled through the seated crowd, often toppling over someone. Nothing is done in anger towards anyone else, and injuries are accepted as a risk of being there and partaking in the Wai Kru Sak Yant ceremony. In fact, this is one of the most peaceful gatherings you can find, in the sense that everyone from street food vendors, to “working-girls”, to Thai gangsters, to blue-collared office employees all come together. I did not see anyone act out with any spite or aggression, even if there may have not been so friendly to each other outside of the event. You must still, as in any large gathering, be mindful of your belongings. Money belts are encouraged (as are helmets, if you plan to sit somewhere in the line of the runners – I’m kidding, but only sort of).

Please Note: “Wai Kru” is a name used to describe this festival, though this may confuse some Thais if asking for this. Wai Kru is a general term used to describe  a Thai ritual in which students pay respects to their teachers in order to express their gratitude and formalize the student–teacher relationship. It is used in Buddhist based schools in Thailand, in classical music institutes, and also for a ritual performed with Muay Thai kick boxers before a match. It may be best to ask for it as the Sak Yant festival, or some combination of the terms Wai Kru, Sak Yant, Bamboo tattoo, festival, etc. Of course, you can always just refer to Where Sidewalks End for details or questions regarding any of our posts.

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SEE – Photos & Videos

The Temple of Wat Bang Phra where Sak Yant is performed
The Temple of Wat Bang Phra
Getting inked with a Sak Yant the night before the main event of Wai Kru
Getting inked the night before the main event
A side room full of people awaiting their Sak Yant tattoos at Wat Bang Phra
A side room full of people awaiting their tattoos
A young Thai shows his Sak Yant tattoo-covered body at Wai Kru Festival
A young Thai shows his tattoo-covered body
A possessed devotee running through the crowds at Wai Kru in Wat Bang Phra
A possessed devotee running through the crowds
Both feet off the ground, this runner was going full speed ahead at Wai Kru Festival in Wat Bang Phra
Both feet off the ground, this runner was going full speed ahead
This woman had just fallen into a trance – one of the few women I saw become possessed at Wai Kru
This woman had just fallen into a trance – one of the few women I saw become possessed at Wai Kru
This man just slammed into the security barricade before being calmed down at Wai Kru
This man just slammed into the security barricade before being calmed down
Rubbing of the ears was often used to calm the runners down once stopped at Wai Kru
Rubbing of the ears was often used to calm the runners down once stopped at Wai Kru
Tom Vater sitting in the crowd watching the event and discussing what’s happening at Wai Kru
Tom Vater sitting in the crowd watching the event and discussing what’s happening
Buddhist Monks observing the ceremony unfold during the Wai Kru Festival
Buddhist Monks observing the ceremony unfold

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GO – Getting There

Although this festival happens all over Thailand, and various temples, on various dates, I would say that the Wai Kru ceremony at Wat Bang Phra is one of the most accessible from Bangkok, and also the largest gathering of its kind. If you would like to make your way to this temple, full directions can be found in the post where my brother and I went to get our very own Sak Yant at Wat Bang Phra.

Wat Bang Phra, Bangkok, Thailand – Map

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Do – Activities & Attractions

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Stay – Accommodation

Coming Soon!

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Eat – Restaurants

Coming Soon!

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Time – Seasonality & Schedules

This festival happens annually, though is not on a predetermined date until only a few months (or sometimes weeks) before it happens. Generally, it occurs sometime around mid-late March. It is best to check online around mid February to see if there’s been any updates to the exact time of the event, if planning to attend.

Time: The tattooing for Wai Kru begins the night before the event, in the late evening. It is possible to get your own Sak Yant here, though perhaps recommended to wait until a day when fewer are being done in a row, as your risk of contracting Hepatitis is higher during an event of this nature, as there is more of a rush to get them done (though quality did not seem to diminish whatsoever). As well, traffic is BAD getting here, especially as you approach Wat Bang Phra right before the Wai Kru. The best time to arrive in the morning is early. The time at which the climax of the event changes from year to year, as does the date, though it’s generally relatively early. The climax is when the monks finish a prayer and hundreds of the devotees seem to become possessed simultaneously and start charging the stage in mass. It is bonkers! Absolute chaos! Incredible.

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Safety – Possible risks

Please Note: Travel inherently comes with an element of risk (just like crossing the road does). You are putting yourself in elements that are unfamiliar and foreign to your usual lifestyle and with that, become more susceptible to fall victim those who try to play off those unfamiliar to their local scams. There are also potential dangers in the environments to which you may not be accustomed to.

Please take extra care in travelling, ensure that you have adequate medical insurance (accidents seem to happen when you least expect them), and have let a trusted colleague, family member or friend know your whereabouts and activities.

Where Sidewalks End travel advises you to travel at your own risk, and to be extra aware of your surroundings (without letting it spoiling your time).

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Pay – How much does it cost?

Admission to the actual event of Wai Kru is free. This being said, you will need to arrange transportation to and from Wat Bang Phra. If you would like to see the tattooing the night before as well (highly encouraged!!), you will need to find a hotel nearby so you may get a few hours rest before heading back to the event. I’d suggest somewhere decent, as you’ll want a good sleep beforehand (however short that sleep might be!). Transport to and from the hotel should also be factored, as well as water and food. All of these may be quite inexpensive alone (depending on your taste), though should certainly be thought of before leaving Bangkok, as I did not notice any ATMs in or around Wat Bang Phra.

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Responsible Travel – Best Practices

Coming Soon!

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Reality Check – Be Aware

I cannot stress enough that this seriously was one of the craziest, most intense events I’ve ever witnessed (and I’ve seen a few in my time). The sun is as its hottest, energy levels are turned up to 11, and adrenaline regularly surges through your veins as you hear screams of oncoming ‘runners’ flying in from behind you. I’m not sure how many Thais were hurt during this Wai Kru event, though I did hear on the intercom that one foreign woman was hospitalized from a collision. I’m not saying this to scare anyone off, though you must go with proper awareness of where you are and what risks come along with being there. The Wai Kru Thailand tattoo festival was culturally intriguing, ancient, and most importantly, it was fun. This Wai Kru ceremony is still very ‘off-the-beaten-path’, as from what I observed there was an incredibly low ratio of foreigners present, apart from a dozen media present and the people I went with.

Special Thanks

I was very fortunate enough to take part in the festival with Tom Vater, journalist and author of the best selling book “Sacred Skin: Thailand’s Spirit Tattoos“. He has spent 15+ years living and travelling in and around Asia, 1 of which was spent researching the topic of the Sak Yant tattoo. From my time spent with Tom, I would personally assume him to be one of the most educated people in the art of the Sak Yant in the world, as he has accumulated data from all over Thailand, much of which came from various tattoo masters, both of the Buddhist lineage, as well as the Risshi lineage. By piecing together the info collected from various sources, he was able to bring together information and paint a picture of the history and practice not available anywhere else. His wife, Aroon, took some of the most beautiful photographs of those who are deeply involved in the ritual, and documented each of their tattoos. If you’d like more information on Sak Yant, I’d highly encourage you to read Sacred Skin. A very special thanks for the time I was able to spend and learn from him.

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JOIN US! WSE Travel Packages

This sounds like quite the adventure, right? We thought so too! Though we realize it can be pretty intimidating to get out there into the world on your own, especially when travelling to some of these off the beaten path locations. We love it when our readers give it a shot and try it for themselves! In fact, please leave us feedback if you do!! If trying something ‘this’ adventurous on your own is just a bit outside of your comfort zone, WSE Travel is here to help!

Want to witness people becoming possessed by the spirits of their Sak Yant in mass? Wai Kru festival at Wat Bang Phra allows you to do just that! Joined by one of the world’s leading experts in the art of Sak Yant, you will delve deep into the sub-culture of those blessed with this ancient, sacred skin art.

We offer a very personalized package where you are able to meet with an ajarn and discuss options that best suit your life and needs. The studio is sanitized by western standards, and you will be joined by a leading expert in the art of Sak Yant, who will be able to discuss the ancient art in great depth, along with receiving a signed copy of their book, Sacred Skin.

Click on this link for our ‘Choose Your Own Adventure’ Tours – packages that are highly personalized and tailored at your request.

If you are interested in attending Wai Kru, but not sure if you would like to try it alone, please Contact Us for details on how to have your arrangements made to go with a group. We also organize a group tour with one of the world’s leading experts as our Travel Guru. Check it out here Sak Yant Festival.

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Have you ever seen someone in a trance or become possessed? Have you ever been to a festival or ceremony with ancient animistic beliefs such as this? Please feel free to share your own stories and feedback in the comment section below!

To learn more about this ceremony, be sure to read about the history of Wat Bang Phra and Sak Yant Tattoos.

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Rubbing of the ears was often used to calm the runners down once stopped

29 Responses

  1. I have just arrived here in Nakhon Pathom and i have no idea what to expect but a very good friend recommended this .. tomorrow in the morning i will go to the temple super early .. just want to meditate and pray a while before … im very relaxed but super excited i already prepared some super foods for the day .. im ready any more advice always welcome ill bring a very good camera will take some shots ..

    1. Hi Jimbo!! How was your experience, now that you’ve had time to absorb everything you just witnessed??? I’d love to hear your feedback on what you were a part of! Thanks for commenting on the blog – we look forward to hearing about your time there!

      1. yes was awesome got 3 new great tattoos with great power ….and was very inspired to jump back into life as never before .. thx for all and ill be back ..

        1. WOW! You got three?? incredible.. which ones did you get? Was it not busy in the temple, that the ajarn had enough time to give you three?? did you leave 3 donations (one for each)? that’s a great story, I haven’t heard of someone asking for so many yantras at once before.

  2. Hello there, this is more of a question then a comment. I am an advid tattoo getter as well as an artist and have tattoos done traditionally from all over the world. I plan on going back to thialand and i was just curiouse as to how the process works. do you make an appointment? do you show up?, can you please give me some insight!

    thank you


    1. Hi there Cassandra! There are various ways in which you can get a Sak Yant. If you look in the “Go” tab, there is a link to the article in which I got my own done, with step by step details on how to get it from this particular temple ( You can just show up, but it needs to be very early in the morning to assure yourself a spot, as there’s often a long line up. You cannot make reservations at a temple.

      However, for those who are more concerned with sanitation, and who want a more personal experience where they have time to talk to the Ajarn (Tattoo Master), there are options available for that as well, though they will cost closer to what a regular tattoo would cost, as you are paying for that time and sanitation standards. We can help organize that if it’s something of interest for you! When will you be returning to Thailand? 🙂

  3. I think the word is “hurtled” — meaning he ran at great speed, stopped by nothing. A “hurdle” is something made to jump over in a race.

    Interesting posts. I don’t have a single tattoo. Back around 1969 on acid I realized that my own body and skin are the most wonderful thing possible. Nothing against decoration, though, just my own (non)style.

    1. Thanks for sharing your past experience (and the typo fix), Carolyn! Sounds like you had some fun back in the 60’s 🙂 I think skin is an incredible thing as well, and the ability to decorate it with your inward expressions is pretty remarkable too. To each their own – Thanks for stopping by the site!

  4. Wow those are some pretty amazing shots! The Wai Kru event seems like something to try! Thanks for the story! Very informative!

    1. Thanks Travel Musts! Wai Kru is an event not to be missed! If ever passing through during the festival, I’d definitely suggest giving it a look 🙂

  5. I saw some things like this during my stay at a Buddhist Temple in Thailand. The guys with tattoos were supposed to freak out more when they fell into a meditative trance. Not sure how much was legit and how much was fulfilling expectations though.

    1. It’s a constant debate, Adam. Though the power of the mind is an incredible force. I think after enough times, they really do fall in to the trance… though for many who are first starting out, much of it is acted out, essentially practicing how to fall into the trance. 🙂 Cool you witnessed this though!

    1. I’d actually suggest getting your tattoo at a less busy time, Lyndsay… the risk of Hepatitis is actually higher as the monks often reuse the needles during the festival. It’s certainly a good experience though!! You should totally go!

  6. Wow! This looks cray intense. I went to a royal cremation in Bali that was very inserting even if no people got possessed. This though is now on my bucket list

    1. We actually arrived the night before and stayed for several hours, until around midnight, to see the tattoos being performed. Afterwhich we woke around 6am, and headed over after breakfast. I believe we arrived around 8am 🙂 we stayed 4 hours. It gets hot!

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